The Khin Nyunt Factor
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Friday, August 23, 2019
Burma

The Khin Nyunt Factor


By THE IRRAWADDY Monday, January 16, 2012


Khin Nyunt (left) after his release from house arrest on Jan. 13; and (right) in 2004, around the time he was purged from power and put under house arrest.
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Amid the jubilant scenes of political dissidents walking free from prisons across Burma, the release of former premier Khin Nyunt is somewhat more controversial.

Behind closed doors in Naypyidaw, several discussions have taken place among government officials on how to handle this delicate matter. Many feel that dropping the condition of house arrest on the former prime minister is dangerous—like opening a Pandora's box. After all, they say, the ex-spy chief still holds official dossiers and can recount the full extent of corruption and abuses of power among top ministers from during his time in office.

The ex-general was known to be highly ambitious and one of the architects of Burma's political “Road Map.” He was the protégé of late dictator Gen Ne Win and named Secretary one at the ruling council soon after a bloody coup in September 1988. But controversy was never far behind him: he and his subordinates were accused of creating anarchy in order to pave the way for the army to take power in 1988. In October 2004, Khin Nyunt was purged in a power struggle between intelligence and infantry units.

Now in his 70s, Khin Nyunt is believed to have secured and hid official dossiers which detail gathered intelligence on other top officials and ministers. It was his intelligence units that were responsible for arresting and detaining dissidents, and it was through the offices of Khin Nyunt, Snr-Gen Than Shwe and Vice Snr-Gen Maung Aye that orders were dispatched to crack down violently on the pro-democracy movement.

During his heyday Khin Nyunt was seen as close to China and was the main architect of the regime's foreign policy. He also took a personal interest in creating public relations exercises to placate Western nations and Asean.

That's why his release was received with mixed blessings among most Burmese people, and with a sense of trepidation among the government and the military. Khin Nyunt will have to prove quickly and publicly that he has no desire to rock the boat.

To appease President Thein Sein and his allies' concerns about Khin Nyunt and his secret files, authorities pinned Article 401 (1) of the Criminal Procedure Code to his release. This article states that if a person released from prison does not fulfill his conditions in the opinion of the president, then “the President of the Union may cancel the suspension or remission” and the person in question can be re-arrested and “remanded to complete the un-expired portion of the sentence.” 

This ensures that the former general—who had been serving a 44-year suspended sentence inside his own home—keeps quiet. He is forbidden from making any remarks other than to say that he supports the government and Aung San Suu Kyi.

Several of his former colleagues and retired senior leaders went to greet him as he walked out his elegant residence for the first time in seven years. Khin Nyunt looked fit, but when asked by reporters whether he harbored an interest in returning to politics, he indicated firmly that he had washed his hands of the whole business.

He received friends and allies who had once served in the ruling council and in the military. They were retired now. He also invited a famous monk from Sittwe into his house to offer a blessing.

Among the guests last week were several film producers and the comedian Zarganar, which quickly prompted a rumor that they were planning to shoot a film about the former premier.

To the amusement of many of the reporters present, Khin Nyunt stated that he wished that the press in Burma would enjoy more freedom—the irony being, of course, that under his rule, the official censorship board was one of the most repressive in history.

It can be assumed that Thein Sein pondered carefully before releasing Khin Nyunt as the amnesty did not include several of his key allies from the intelligence services. Brig-Gen Thein Swe and Brig-Gen Than Tun were two of those not freed.

Speaking to the media outside his house, Khin Nyunt expressed sadness that his subordinates remained behind bars. But then again, perhaps that was the price he was forced to pay.

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Nyi Nyi Wrote:
25/01/2012
U Nay Lin,
No one is looking for revenge here. How do you live with someone who has committed a crime and without knowing if he is prepared to do it again, given a chance. All we are looking for is for him to say sorry so that we all can move on. Surely this is not too much to ask for. Buddhism does not mean you can commit a crime and keep on committing the crime because you believe others will always forgive you.

Z W Wrote:
24/01/2012
We can't say let it be. Because,he did made a lots mistake for our nation. He said according to his senior 1 & 2.Where his son Ye Naing Win get the money for established of Yadanarbon tele port. I think, he should apologize to the people of Myanmar.

U Nay Lin Wrote:
23/01/2012
Buddhism is the most harmless religion. There is no REVENGE. Hatred does not cease by hatred. Kindness is the light that dissolves all walls between souls, families and nation. Myanmar should become the most peaceful country in future if we all follow the teachings of Buddha.


Tluang Salai Wrote:
21/01/2012
Hello !!
I want to ask the Irrawaddy Media / Burmese media why you are trying to resurrect a dead tiger (like ex-General Khin Nyunt) and inflict historical amnesia among the Burmese public

Tluang Salai,
California

kyawthiha Wrote:
21/01/2012
Ba khin Nyunt
May, I advise to you.In this period you should
not interesting to policy.


kyawthiha

Jeny Wrote:
20/01/2012
Let it be gone be by gone. No one is perfect in the world. We,forgetting what happened in the past, must forgive what has happened in our past. We must, united in one spirit, pray for our present leaders that: peace,justice and one's human right will flow in our Land, Myanmar! God bless Khin Nyint with a healthy and happy life!

Jeny,

Christian Missionary
Myanmar

Myanmar Patriots Wrote:
20/01/2012
Nyi Nyi Wrote:

19/01/2012
"It would be a decent thing for Khin Nyint to say that he was wrong and what he did was not the best interest for the country. He owes this to the people of Myanmar, especially to his victims. Without this he can never live peacefully with his own conscious."

YES, A MILLION TIMES!

Thein Win Wrote:
19/01/2012
Bo Khin Nyunt,

Don't make another KHIN NYUNT-KNIN YEE Video clip in you tube.

Ko Ko San Wrote:
19/01/2012
Khin Nyunt deserves to be out of jail and also qualifies to be tried in court not on corruption but on crime against humanity. If Thein Sein is a genuine reformer, he will also support punishing people who are against reform like Khin Nyunt and Tin Aung Myint Oo who is luckily still in government seat.

Right now, I can't really pull files on Than Shwe to punish as he have a big hand in handing over power to Thein Sein who is now changing Burma without hindrance from him. However, I can't agree that Than Shwe should be free of charge to live on....

Maung Kyaw Nu.a former politic Wrote:
19/01/2012
How can we for get Khin Nyunt's crimes against the peoples. He is worse than Hitler.He should be book for trail.
A killers !

Nyi Nyi Wrote:
19/01/2012
It would be a decent thing for Khin Nyint to say that he was wrong and what he did was not the best interest for the country. He owes this to the people of Myanmar, especially to his victims. Without this he can never live peacefully with his own conscious.

A.M.O Wrote:
19/01/2012
What goes up must come down, no matter what:

This universal truth applies to:

-Gen Ne Win
-Gen Khin Nyunt

Both in unceremonious ends.

Shall we see how it applies to:
- Gen Than Shwe

And how he ends up, Hm !

tocharian Wrote:
18/01/2012
Perhaps he can still be useful in dealing with the PLA-backed USWA (Wa Army). Khin Nyunt used to deal with the likes of Khun Sa (the master drug-war-lord) if my memory serves me right.

Myanmar Patriots Wrote:
18/01/2012
Mg Min Nway Wrote:
"If we looked back the history ,Public Enemy No 1 for Burma was Ne Win.
Needless to say Khin Nyunt was no 2.
Most of the times, this kind of people seldom admitted or apologised for their crimes they admitted to innocent people.
Sooner or later he will make trouble to our country.

He has no courage to admit his crimes to the humanity and will not give up his evil mind.
He should be in jail forever.

Zarganar,I wonder you easily forget and forgive the culpit of killing fields of Burma in 8888."
HUNDRED PERCENT CORRECT!
Where is Sanda ShuMaung now? she should be in jail too.
UNFINISHED BUSINESS!
And don't forget Aye NeWin (Aye ShuMaung) who dressed like a playboy at School of Oriental & African Studies, London University, at the expense of poor Burmese people. He is so stupid he could not follow the law degree course. Elizabeth Moore tried to sort him out. FACT!So he switched to Art History degree, that anyone with less than 2 brain cells can get.

soe win Wrote:
18/01/2012
I'm surprised and saddened by the extent of prominence and coverage the Burmese media gave to the release of Gen Khin Nyunt, a fallout from the military's power struggle,compared to that given to Min Ko Naing and all the other heroes of Democracy for Burma.That's certainly a deplorable mix-up of the two opposite camps in Burmese politics.
And what on earth was Zarganar,the so-called champion of democratic expression,doing at the side of the general?

Ko Ko La Min Wrote:
18/01/2012
Wow, there are still some opportunist like Khin Nyunt out there, who happy n pray for his release. What an idiot!

tunnaing Wrote:
18/01/2012
Khin Nyunt is No.2 enemy of Burma's people.

BM Wrote:
18/01/2012
He should not freed.

Oo Maung gyi Wrote:
18/01/2012
Khin Nyunt lost his golden opportunity during his power holding period. He made a great blunder mistake thinking that he will be favoured by Srn General Than Shwe due to the works he had done during his powerful time. Politics is not like this. Once opportunity comes, have to grab. Why he did not make negotiation ASSK while he was prime minister and powerful intelligence chief? Now time is gone, no favourable circumstances for him, he is totally lost guy from the public eyes.

Mg Min Nway Wrote:
18/01/2012
If we looked back the history ,Public Enemy No 1 for Burma was Ne Win.

Needless to say Khin Nyunt was no 2.
Most of the times, this kind of people seldom admitted or apologised for their crimes they admitted to innocent people.
Sooner or later he will make trouble to our country.

He has no courage to admit his crimes to the humanity and will not give up his evil mind.
He should be in jail forever.

Zarganar,I wonder you easily forget and forgive the culpit of killing fields of Burma in 8888.

soe min htike Wrote:
18/01/2012
i will think ,he is deeply think ??????

Htat Hlaing Min Wrote:
17/01/2012
very happy for his release, and pray for him .

Ma Lay Wrote:
17/01/2012
We should not undermine a Chief of Military Intelligent. We can forgive him but should not forget what he did to our peoples and country. We should cautiously watch or monitor his single move and words.

mary Wrote:
17/01/2012
why did they let him out, isn't he supposed to pay back what he had done to innocent Burmese people, according to our belief he should have suffered far more than this,not feeling sorry at all for him &his family

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