List of Journalists, Authors and Poets Who Received Sentences After 1988

List of Journalists, Authors and Poets Who Received Sentences After 1988

By THE IRRAWADDY Saturday, May 1, 2004

1. Dr. Aung Khin Sint (Released)

Pen Name: Aung Khin Sint

Detained: (1996 - 2001)

A Burmese medical doctor, writer and senior member of the National League for Democracy, or NLD, who served part of a 20 year sentence for reportedly writing and distributing leaflets about the National Convention and having contact with “illegal associations.”


2. Aung Tun (Jailed)

Detained: (1988 -)

Aung Htun was arrested in February 1998 for writing a book documenting the history of the Burmese student movement. A writer and activist with the All Burma Federation of Student Unions, he was sentenced to a total of 17 years imprisonment.


3. Aung Myint (Jailed)

Pen Name: Phya Pon Ni Loan Oo

Detained: (2000-)

Former journalist for the magazines Cherry and Mahaythi, Aung Myintwas sentenced to twenty-one years imprisonment on December 20, 2000, for passing on NLD information to foreign press agencies and western embassies in Rangoon. He is incarcerated in Insein Prison.


4. Aung Pwint (Jailed)

Pen Name: Maung Aung Pwint

Detained: (1999 -)

Poet, video producer and media personality, Aung Pwint, was sentenced to eight years in prison in September 1999, for “illegal possession of a fax machine,” and for sending information to banned Burmese publications. He is currently held in Insein prison.

5. Aung Kyaw (Jailed)

Pen Name: Monywa Aung Shin

Detained: (2000 -)

Former editor of the magazine Sar-maw-khung (The Literary World), Monywa Aung Shin was arrested in September 2000, and sentenced to seven years in prison under the State Protection Law. His articles and poems were regularly published in magazines such as Guita Padath, Moe Wai and Sbei Phyu.


6. Chaw Chaw (Released)

Pen Name: Nyi Nyi Yin

Detained: (1997 - 2003)

Chaw Chaw was released from Insein prison in March 2003. She was arrested together with her husband in 1997 and sentenced to 10 years in prison under the Printers and Publishers Registration Act for illegal possession of books and newspapers.


7. Hla Htut Soe (Jailed)

Detained: (2002 -)

Hla Htut Soe is currently being held in Insein Prison.


8. Htay Thein (Released)

Pen Name: Naung Kyaw

Detained: (1989 – 2003)

Htay Thein, a university professor in Rangoon and the author of many political and philosophical articles, was arrested in June 1989 and sentenced to twenty years in prison for his presumed involvement with the Burmese Communist Party.


9. Khin Maung Win (Released)

Pen Name: Sunny

Detained: (1997)

Photographer and cameraman Khin Maung Win, was sentenced to seven years imprisonment for his part in making a video of an interview with Aung San Suu Kyi and smuggling it out of the country.


10. Ko Ko Maung (Jailed)

Pen name: Nyi Min Thet

Detained: (2002 -)

Ko Ko Maung is currently being held in Myingyan Prison.


11. Kyaw San (Released)

Pen Name: Cho Seint

Detained: (1996 - 2004)

Kyaw San was sentenced to seven years in prison for supporting the 1996 student demonstrations in his articles and poems, published in opposition magazines. He was released from Tharrawaddy Prison in March 2004.

12. Kyi Tin Oo (Released)

Detained: (1994 - 2004)

Journalist and poet Kyi Tin Oo was arrested on March 1, 1994 and sentenced to ten years in prison under the State Protection Law. He was accused of publishing political articles in the monthly magazines Moe Wai and Tha-bin.


13. Dr. Maung Maung Kyaw (Jailed)

Detained: (1998 -)

Dr. Maung Maung Kyaw is currently being held in Moulmein Prison.


14. Maung Tin Thit (Jailed)

This poet from Mandalay is currently imprisoned – details unknown.

15. Min Zin (Released)

Pen Name: Aung Zin Min

Detained: (1996 - 2004)

Aung Zin Min was arrested in December 1996, and sentenced to seven years imprisonment for supporting the 1996 student demonstrations in his articles and poems, published in the magazine New Style.


16. Moe Thu (Released)

Pen Name: Maung Moe Thu

Detained: (1996 - 2000)

Charged under the State Protection Law, journalist and writer, Moe Thu, was released in 2000.

17. Myint Thein (Jailed)

Pen Name: Myint Myat Thein

Detained: (1996 -)

Myint Thein, currently held in Thayet Prison, was arrested on December 4, 1996 during the student demonstrations in Rangoon and sentenced to seven years in jail for supporting the student movement.


18. Myat Hlaine (Released)

Detained: (1991 - 1999)

Poet, NLD Member of Parliament and writer for the magazine Payfulwa, Myat Hlaine was arrested in December 1991.

19. Mya Kyaing (Released)

Pen Name: Maung Thwe Khaing

Detained: (1996 – 2000)

Freelance journalist Maung Thwe Khaing was arrested in 1996 for campaigning for democracy.


20. Myo Myint Nyein (Released)

Pen Name: Myo Myint NyeinDetained: (1990 - 2002)

Journalist and NLD member Myo Myint Nyein was released on February 13, 2002, after spending 12 years in prison. Before completing his first sentence he was sentenced to seven additional years for participating in underground magazines in Insein Prison.


21. Ohn Kyaing (Jailed)

Pen Name: Aung Wint

Detained: (1990 -)

Former journalist for the papers and magazines Kyemon, Botahtaung and Youqshin Aunglan and Member of Parliament-elect for the NLD, Ohn Kyaing is currently serving a seventeen-year sentence in Toungoo Prison for writing an article in favor of democracy.


22. San San Nweh (Released)

Pen Name: San San Nweh

Detained: (1994 - 2001)

Journalist and writer San San Nweh, a member of the NLD, was released from Insein Prison on July 18, 2001 after being sentenced to ten years in prison for “producing and sending anti-government reports to international radio stations and foreign journalists passing through the country.”


23. Sein Hla Oo (Jailed)

Pen Name: Maung Ngwe Oo

Detained: (1994 -)

Former editor of the Botahtaung and NLD Member of Parliament-elect Sein Hla Oo is presently being held in Myitkyina Prison. He was convicted of distributing articles to foreign embassies and the media that were considered to be “anti-governmental.” He has still not been released, despite completing his sentence in 2001.


24. Sein Hlaing (Released)

Detained: (1990 - 2002)

Sein Hlaing was sentenced for having publishing an article critical of the Burma Army, in a magazine that he co-published with Myo Myint Nyein. In 1996, he received an additional seven-year sentence for having contributed to a report sent to the United Nations special rapporteur for Burma and for his involvement in an underground prison publication.


25. Sein Ohn (Jailed)

Detained: (1996 -)

Sein Ohn, presently being held in Insein prison, was sentenced to ten years in prison for distributing videotapes that were not approved by a censor and for possessing video-copying equipment without official permission. Formerly a cameraman and photographer with the NLD, he was involved in making films of Aung San Suu Kyi and reports critical to junta’s policies.


26. Soe Thein (Released)

Pen Name: Maung Wuntha

Detained: (1996 - 2001)

Journalist and Member of Parliament Maung Wuntha, founder of the magazine Ah-Twe-Ah-Myin (Thought), was sentenced to five years in prison under the State Protection Law for writing and publishing articles defending the opposition movement.


27. Tha Ban (Jailed)

Detained: (1997 -)

Former editor of a newspaper, Tha Ban was arrested in March 1997 and sentenced to seven years in prison for his articles in favor of democracy and for helping a student who was collecting information on the history of a student association.

28. Thaung Tun (Jailed)

Pen Name: Nyein Thit

Detained: (1999 -)

Journalist and poet Thaung Tun, who worked for the magazine Padaut Pwint Thit and a Rangoon City magazine, was sentenced to eight years in prison for collecting information concerning human rights violations in Burma and sending it overseas. He is currently being held in Moulmein Prison.


29. Thaw Thaw Myo Han (Released)


Thaw Thaw Myo Han, a student known for writing articles in support of democracy, published the University Literary Journal, under the auspices of the University Students' Literary Association, without authorization. It is suspected that he was arrested for being involved in organizing a pro-democracy demonstration.


30. Thein Tin (Deceased)

Pen Name: Tin Thein Maung

Detained: (1996 – 1998)

U Thein Tin, a writer and member of the Rangoon Township Organization Committee of NLD, died in detention at Rangoon General Hospital, February 18, 1998, following physical and mental torture in Insein Prison. He was charged under the State Protection Act.


31. Thein Tan (Jailed)

Detained: (1990 -)

Thein Tan was sentenced to ten years in prison and is currently being held in Thayet Prison. Owner of a bookstore in Mandalay, he wrote for the official publication Kyemon before working with several private magazines in the 1980s. He was convicted for writing an article about the killing of four people in Mandalay in August 1990.


32. Thet Zaw (Jailed)

Pen Name: Yesagyo

Detained: (1998 -)

Thet Zaw is currently being held in Thayet Prison – details unknown.


33. Thet Zaw (Jailed)

Pen Name: Zaw Thet Htway

Detained: (2003 -)

Zaw Thet Htway, editor of the sports journal, First Eleven, was sentenced to death on November 28, 2003, charged with the attempted assassination of junta leaders.


34. Tin Oo Lay (Jailed)

Pen Name: Tin Nyein Oo

Detained: (1996 -)

Tin Oo Lay is currently being held in Tharawaddy Prison – details unknown.


35. Win Tin (Jailed)

Detained: (1989 -)

Former editor of the newspaper Hanthawathi and author of many articles against the regime and close advisor to Aung San Suu Kyi, Win Tin has been successively sentenced on three occasions amounting to a combined twenty-year prison sentence. Charges against him include secretly publishing anti-governmental propaganda while in prison. He is being held in Insein Prison.


36. Yan Aung Soe (Released)

Pen Name: Thurein Htet Linn

Detained: (1998 – 2001)

Yan Aung Soe was sentenced to 59 years in prison for being “in contact with foreign organizations.” Known for his articles on education and in private magazines such as Thought and Your Life, he is currently held in Myaungmya Prison.


37. Dr. Zaw Min (Released)

Pen Name: Zaw Nut Zaw

Detained: (1989 -)

Dr. Zaw Min, author of many articles, essays and short stories, was sentenced to twenty years imprisonment for his participation in the 1988 pro-democracy uprisings.


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